Packaging material selection strongly depends on the product to be packaged, food, cosmetics or hygiene products. Other factors such as product manufacturing, storage and preparation process at home are key in the identification and selection of packaging materials.
The packaging-product adaptation includes many concepts as the following: migrations of the material to the product, development of anomalous aromas and product aroma losses, permeability of packaging materials, modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), sealability of materials, and integrity of the material structure and/or the packages.
For current packaging systems, cost savings of 5-10% and an improvement in packaging efficiency can be achieved. This could be achieved by reducing the amount of material used, minimizing waste generation (therefore less taxes) and optimizing logistics.
Packaging with improved properties, active packaging, intelligent packaging, barrier materials or materials with nanotechnological applications provide an added value to the product.